의문문을 수동태로 만드는 방법
• Did you throw a stone?
→You threw a stone.(평서문)
→ A stone was thrown by you.(수동태)
→ Was a stone thrown by you?(의문문)
= 돌멩이가 너에 의해서 던져졌니?
(네가 돌 던졌니? ; "이렇게 능동으로 해석합니다.")
• What made you think so?= 무엇에 의해 그렇게 생각되어 졌니?
→ What made you think so.(평서문)
→ You was made to think so by what.(수동태)
→ By What was you made to think so?(의문문)
1. 주어진 의문문을 평서문으로 고친다. (즉, 능동태)
2. 평서문을 수동태로 고친다.
3. 의문문으로 고쳐서 의문문의 수동태를 완성한다.
의문문의 종류에 따라서 수동태 만들기
의문사가 없는 의문문
• Must we leave her alone?
→ Must she be left alone by us? 「조동사＋주어＋be＋p.p?
• Didn't he lock the door?
→ Wasn't the door locked by him? 「be＋주어＋p.p?」
의문사가 있는 의문문
• Who broke the window?
= By whom was the window broken?
= Whom was the window broken by?「의문사＋be(＋주어)＋p.p?」
• What did you give?
= What was given by you?
• How did you spell the words?
= How were the word spelled (by you)?