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[영문법_동사(47)]4형식 동사의 수동태 만드는 방법

by Yitzhak 2017. 9. 15.

4형식 동사의 수동태 만드는 방법

• She gave me a new bicycle as a gift.

 = I was given a new bicycle as a gift by her. (O)
 = A new bicycle was given to me as a gift by her. (O)


• He made the boy a paper plane.

 = A paper plane was made for the boy by him. (O)
 ≠ The boy was made a paper plane by him. (X)


• I envied him his success.

 = He was envied his success by me. (O)
 ≠ His success was envied him by me. (X)

간접목적어와 직접목적어를 둘 다 수동태의 주어로 쓸 수 있는 동사


give, hand, lend, offer, pay, teach, show, promise, tell (간접목적어 앞에 전치사 to가 붙는다.) ask (간접목적어 앞에 전치사 of가 붙는다.) etc. 이러한 동사는 목적어가 2개 이듯이 수동태도 2개로 표현할 수 있습니다.


• Mom wrote me a letter.
  = A letter was written me by mom.
  = I was written a letter by mom.


직접목적어만 수동태의 주어로 쓸 수 있는 동사


pass, read, bring, write, sing (간접목적어 앞에 전치사 to가 붙는다.) make, buy, build, choose, cook, get, find, do (간접목적어 앞에 전치사 for가 붙는다.: "엠비씨개판두"로 외우면 쉽죠?) etc. 이러한 동사는 간접목적어를 수동태의 주어로 쓰면 의미가 어색해 집니다.


• My teacher asked me a difficult problem.
  = I was asked a difficult problem by my teacher.
  = A difficult problem was asked of me by my teacher.


간접목적어만 수동태의 주어로 쓸 수 있는 동사


직접목적어를 수동태로 주어로 쓰면 의미가 어색해 집니다. 이러한 동사로는 envy, save, spare 가 있습니다.

• I would saved you some money.
내가 너에게 약간의 돈을 아끼도록 해줄께.
= You would be saved some money by me.
Some money would be saved you by me.(X)


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