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[영어기말고사]to부정사 67문제로 마스터하는 법

by Yitzhak 2013. 6. 19.


to부정사는 중학교 2학년 학생들이 영어의 첫번째 장벽을 느끼게하는 지독한 문법파트입니다. 사실 to부정사는 8품사와 문장성분(주어, 목적어, 보어)에 대한 지식이 탄탄하다면 그렇게 어려운 것이 아닙니다. 하지만 앞에서 말한 영어의 기초적인 틀이 없어서 결국 to부정사를 접하게 되면 혼란스럽고 어렵게만 느껴지는 것이죠. 부정사란 품사가 정해지지 않아서 문장속의 쓰임에 따라 그 역할이 변하는 말입니다. 그러니 주어로도 쓰이고, 목적어로도 쓰이고, 보어로도 쓰이며 형용사와 부사처럼 쓰이기도 하니 사람 환장할 노릇이죠. 

자세한 사항은 문법파트에서 차근차근 다루도록 하겠지만 우선 배운 실력을 토대로 아래의 문제를 고심하며 모두 해결해 보시길 바랍니다. 필요하다면 문법책을 곁에 두고 찾아가면서 샅샅이 뒤져서 그 답을 연습장위에 적어봅시다. 아래 마련해 놓은 67문제를 혼자힘으로 해결하다보면 어느새 to부정사에 대한 개념이 뚜렷해지는 것을 느끼게 될 것입니다. 자, 그럼 시작해 볼까요?






부정사 용법 구분하기


1. Everybody wishes to be loved by others.


2. To know oneself is very difficult.


3. What a fool you are to believe it!


4. The students are gathered to discuss their picnic.


5. The best way to succeed is to work hard.


6. I awoke to find all this a dream.


7. It is painful to listen to his talk.


8. You will find it difficult to keep the secret to yourself.


9. She has no friends to talk with.


10. All of you are to attend the meeting.


11. I expect him to succeed.


12. It is easy to jump over this stream.


13. He woke up to find himself famous.


14. I don't know how to drive.


15. They are to get married next spring.


16. A fox was hungry and wanted to eat.


17. She has no one to date with.


18. We are looking for a house to live with.


19. We were surprised to hear the news.


20. I called you here to suggest something.


21. You are old enough to help your mother at home.


22. I have no fountain-pen to write with.


23. I wanted you to come into the library for a moment


24. He know how to drive a car.


25. The girl grew up to be a great pianist.


26. Mother went to the store to buy some meat.


27. I make it a rule to get up early.


28. There are a good many sights to see in Korea.


29. I am too tired to walk any more.


30. He was foolish enough to believe the story.


31. He was never to return to his home country again.


32. He is not a man to do anything by halves.


33. He must be a fool to neglect your advice.


34. I found it difficult to persuade them.


35. I was too tired to move a step.


36. I promised him to go.


37. The boy was so bright as to answer the question.
   
       = 
 The boy was bright enough to answer the question.


38. Our wish is to unify our divided country.


39. We must not be afraid to do what is right.


40. He promised me to be here at ten o'clock.


41. He got up so early as to catch the first train.


42. He was happy to see his wife again.


43. This medicine is to be taken strictly according to  direction.


44. There is no time to lose now.


45. To do military service is compulsory in our country.


46. I cannot afford to buy a new car on my salary.


47. I have a lot of work to do even on my day off.


48. I had opportunity to see him last year.


49. Do you know how to change a flat tire?


50. I asked him to help me.


51. He is a lucky man to have such a good son.


52. I have nothing to keep the money in.


53. He raised his right hand to ask a question.


54. We are to meet him here.


55. He is not a man to betray us.


56. He worked hard only to fail.


57. Another princess, sad to say, was sent to prison.


58. It is not always easy to make ourselves understood


59. Would you care to leave a message?


60. He is the last man to tell a lie.


61. Give me a chair to sit on.


62. What is the best way to learn English?


63. He left his home, never to return.


64. Your question is difficult to answer.


65. I had no idea which one to choose.


66. He did not live to see the work finished.


67. I have been the station to see her off.



부정사 틀린 문장 바로 잡기


1. I have no fountain-pen to write.

                               


2. Let me to go with you.

                          


3. You had better not to go to such a place.

                          


4. You are enough old to help your mother at home.

                          


5. A dog was seen come out of the gate.

                          


6. I must have some one to carry the box for me.

                          


7. I cannot but to feel sorry for his failure.

                          


8. My father forbade me smoke.

                          


9. I wish you come into the library for a moment.

                          


10. You are necessary to go there at once.

                          


11. She did nothing but to cry all day long.

                          


12. Let it be not done.

                          


13. I could never get him own his failure.

                          


14. We found easy to swim across the river.

                          


15. He expects seeing him on Monday.

                          


16. He knows to driver a car.

                          


17. I did not know to whom ask the question.

                          


18. I got Bob take my child to my uncle's.

                          


19. She allowed herself to kiss by him.

                          


20. This book is so difficult that he can't read.

                          


21. I was made enter the room by myself.

                          


22. His father would have him to go to sea.

                          


23. Will you help me moving the table?

                          


24. I am not rich to keep a car.

                          


25. Let John and I do the work.

                          


26. He has no house to live.

                          


27. Nothing was to be seen and send.

                          


28. She had no choice but stay indoors.

                          


29. I got Mary take my brother to my uncle's.

                          


30. There is no chair for me to sit in this room.

                          



to부정사에 관련된 67개 문제와 추가적인 30문제를 해결하시느라 수고 많으셨습니다. 진땀을  흘려가면서 혼자 힘으로 해결하신 분이라면 품사가 정해지지 않고, 문장성분이 정해지지 않은 to부정사를 정확하게 파악할 수 있는 능력이 갖추어진 것입니다. 영어학습의 기본은 노력과 반복이외에는 다른 방도가 없습니다. 그럼 아래의 정답을 보면서 성취감을 맛보시길 바랍니다.





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